This site uses cookies. By continuing visiting this site, you agree to their use.
To find out more, including how to control cookies, see our privacy policy.


Ara of the Mithraeum of Lugo

Victorius Victorious, centurion fo the Legio VII, erected the altar in honour of the Lugo garrison and of the Victorius Secundus and Victor, his freedmen.
29 Apr 2010

Granite altar dedicated to Mithras
Museo Universitario A Domus do Mitreo

During 2003 excavations made near the Plaza Pio XII in Lugo (ancient Lucus Augusti) revealed a house and an altar in granite with an inscription to Invictus Mithra. It was dedicated by a C. Victorius Victorinus, centurion of the Legio VII Gemina Antoniana Pia Felix, apparently in the early 3rd century. The inscription appeals for protection of the military garrison at Lugo ("Statio Lucensis") and his two freedmen, Victorius Secundus and Victorius Victor.
A correspondent writes that this is a unique example of a man of such high social status mentioning someone socially inferior within an inscription of an altar.

The mithraeum seems therefore to have been constructed at the beginning of the 3rd century and, to judge from the numismatic evidence, have continued in use as a religious centre for its community until the mid 4th century.

Two inscriptions were found. The first is a rectangular block of granite of uncertain meaning.

The second text is inscribed on a granite altar (H. 93.5 cm, Br. 36.3 cm, D. 23.5 cm; letters are 4 cm high and the epigraphic field is 63.5 x 31.5 cms). The mention of "Antoninianae" as the epithet for the legion probably dates the monument to the reign of Caracalla, 212-218 A.D.

Main inscription

Deo / Inuic(to) Mithrae / G(aius) Victorius Vic/torinus (centurio) L(egionis) VII G(emina) / Antonianiae P(iae) F(elicis) / in honorem sta/tionis lucensis / et Victoriorum / Secundi et Vic/toris lib(ertorum) suor/um aram po/suit libenti animo (hedera)
To the undefeated Mithras, Gaius Victorius Victorinus, centurion of Legio VII Gemina Antoniania Pia Felix in honor of the statio at Lucus Augusti and of the Victorius Secundus and Victor, his freedmen, placed this altar willingly.


Add a comment


Help us to keep
The New Mithraeum alive!

Do you like The New Mithraeum? Help us to keep it up, running and ads-free with a quick PayPal contribution.
Any amount is more than welcome! is powered by Enkidū