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Lion relief from Nemrut Dag

The lion relief from Nemrut Dag has the moon and several stars over his body.
3 Jun 2021
  • Lion relief from Nemrud Dag

    Lion relief from Nemrud Dag

  • Lion relief from Nemrud Dag with constellation

    Lion relief from Nemrud Dag with constellation
    International Nemrud Foundation 


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Horoscope of Antiochus of Commagene (July 17, 98 RC.). Standing lion to the right with a crescent below his neck and a number of stars on his body and in the field. Above his back three large planets, the names of which are mentioned:

Πυρόεις Ηρακλέους, στίλβων Απόλλωνος, Φαέθων Δίος

(Cf. Fr. Cumont, Les noms des planetes et l'astrolatrie chez les Grecs, in AntC. IV, 1935, 16 n. 8).

Humann-Puchstein, Reisen, 329ff with Pl. XL; Bey-Effendi, 21f and Pl. 24; RRR I, 196; MMM II l.c. fig.

Related monuments

Nemrut Dağı

Mount Nemrut or Nemrud is one of the highest peaks in the eastern Taurus Mountains, southeastern Turkey. On its summit large statues stand around what is supposed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC.

Antiochus I shakes hands with Mithras

Antiochus I of Commagene shakes Mithras hands in this relief from the Nemrut Dagi temple.

Head of Mithras from Nemrud Dag

The colossal head has been identified as a solar god, Apollo-Mihr-Mithras-Helios-Hermes.


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