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Mithraeum of Bourg-Saint-Andéol

The Mithréum de Bourg-Saint-Andéol was built against a rock where the main Tauroctony was chiseled.
2 Jun 2009
  • Tarjeta postal de Bourg-saint-Andéol 

  • Plano general del relieve del antiguo mitreo de Bourg-Saint-Andéol
    Raymond HUGUES 

  • Vista del relieve del mitreo de Bourg-Saint-Andéol.
    Raymond HUGUES 

  • Vista en 3/4 del relieve del mitreo de Bourg-Saint-Andéol
    Raymond HUGUES 

  • Detalle de Sol del relieve del mitreo de Bourg-Saint-Andéol.
    Raymond HUGUES 

  • Postal del bajo relieve de Bourg-St-Andéol 

  • Monumentos mitríacos en Bourg-St-Andéol y Arles (Francia)
    Andreu Abuín 

A rock, situated not far to the West of Bourg-Saint-Andéol.

From various, often unreliable and scarce data, we may yet safely accept, that it really is the back-part of a Mithraeum. The rockface, in which the relief has been chiseled out forms the back-wall of the sanctuary, which lies against the mountain. Above the relief two grooves are hewn out, creating the impression, that the roof had been fitted into them. Of the sanctuary itself nothing was found back. At the foot of the rock, there are two fountains, the water of which pours out into two basins. Between the springs there were, according to Caylus, "les restes d'une table d'autel formée par le roc".

1.30 meters long and 1.15 meters high, it is the only bas-relief directly sculpted in the rock that can be seen in France. In the 3rd century, this bas-relief was indeed the back of a temple, Mithraeum, which went all the way to the riverside. The bas-relief was to be demolished in 1880, when the railroad was built, but priest Paradis was strongly opposed to this decision. He managed to have it preserved and protected.

Main inscription

Num[ini] . . . . V . . | deum Invictum | T Fur(ius) Iu[stus?] d(e) s(ua) p(ecunia) f(ecit).
To the numina of Augustus. Titus Aurelius… has made this at his own expense.

CIL XII 2706


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