Monumentum

Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The second statue of Mithras rock-birth was found in the Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo shows a childish Mitras emerging from the rock.
 
 
PublishedThe New Mithraeum
27 Aug 2021
Updated on 16 Jan 2022
 
Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo
Tertullian.org

 

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Near the second step of the altar of the Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo was found another statue of Mithras rock-born, also of luna marble (n.inv. 205828), 57 cm high. Here Mithras is a child. The drill has been used extensively, indicating a date of the second half of the third century A.D. The torch and the knife are connected to the head by thick links. There is a little trace of red colour on the flame of the torch. The general standard of the work is poor.
 
 

Related monuments

Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo

The Mitreo dei Castra Peregrinorum was discovered under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome.

Tauroctony of Ottavio Zeno

The relief of Mithras slaying the bull by Ottavio Zeno is lost, but two tablets of Cautes and Cautopates, which were part of the same ensemble, has been exposed at the Louvre.

Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The sculpture of Mithras rock-birth from Santo Stefano Rotondo bears an inscription of Aurelius Bassinus, curator of the cult.

Head of Mithras from Santo Stefano Rotondo

The head was part of a stucco relief of the Tauroctony found under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome

 

Tauroctony of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The relief of Mithras killing the bull of Stefano Rotodon preserves part of his polycromy and depicts two unusual figures: Hesperus and an owl.

Altars to Cautes and Cautopates of Stefano Rotondo

These two parallel altars to the diophores were dedicated by the Pater and a Leo from the Mithraeum of S. Stefano Rotondo.

 

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