Monumentum

Tauroctony of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The relief of Mithras killing the bull of Stefano Rotodon preserves part of his polycromy and depicts two unusual figures: Hesperus and an owl.
 
 
PublishedThe New Mithraeum
28 Aug 2021
Updated on 16 Mar 2022
 
Mithras killng the bull from S. Stefano Rotondo

Mithras killng the bull from S. Stefano Rotondo
Carole Raddato

 

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At the altar and in the space between the altar and the west podium were found the pieces of a remarkable polychrome of the tauroctony (n.inv. 205837). 0.905 m high, 1.48 m wide, the frame often 6 cm wide. Between the head of Mithras and the head of the moon is the mark of a strong blow with a blunt instrument, presumably at the time of the destruction of the Mithraeum. Part of a leg of the quadriga of Sol, and part of Sol's face, is missing. The relief falls within the type 1 representation of Campbell.

At the top left is the quadriga driven by Sol, wearing the corona radiata.
 
 

Related monuments

Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo

The Mitreo dei Castra Peregrinorum was discovered under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome.

Tauroctony of Ottavio Zeno

The relief of Mithras slaying the bull by Ottavio Zeno is lost, but two tablets of Cautes and Cautopates, which were part of the same ensemble, has been exposed at the Louvre.

Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The sculpture of Mithras rock-birth from Santo Stefano Rotondo bears an inscription of Aurelius Bassinus, curator of the cult.

Head of Mithras from Santo Stefano Rotondo

The head was part of a stucco relief of the Tauroctony found under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome

 

Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The second statue of Mithras rock-birth was found in the Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo shows a childish Mitras emerging from the rock.

Altars to Cautes and Cautopates of Stefano Rotondo

These two parallel altars to the diophores were dedicated by the Pater and a Leo from the Mithraeum of S. Stefano Rotondo.

 

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