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Fresco of procession of grades at Santa Prisca

Procession of figures dressed in different ways with inscriptions calling them by the seven grades of the Mithraic initiation cult.
  • Procession of 'leones' from Santa Prisca Mithraeum

    Procession of 'leones' from Santa Prisca Mithraeum 

  • Procession of 'leones' from Santa Prisca Mithraeum

    Procession of 'leones' from Santa Prisca Mithraeum 

The New Mithraeum
28 May 2007
Updated on Mar 2024

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On the side-walls of the Santa Prisca Mithraeum, two layers of painting have to be distinguished; these are set off with red bands. Dr C. C. van Essen, who studied the style of these paintings, dates the first layer in the end of the second cent. A.D. and the second layer in the first quarter of the third cent. A.D. Our description is partly taken from the publication of Ferrua, who was able to observe details, which now are lost.

On the Southern wall (I2) successively (cf. Ferrua, fig. 8):

1) A bearded man is sitting on a throne. He is dressed in a red tunic with long sleeves, piped

Related monuments

Mitreo di Santa Prisca

The Mithraeum of Santa Prisca houses remarkable frescoes showing the initiates in procession.

Head of Sol / Helios intarsio from Sant Prisca

The intarsium of Sol found in the Mithraeum of Santa Prisca is composed of several varieties of marble.

Fresco of lions at Santa Prisca

The inscription is above a procession of men carrying animals, bread, a crater and other objects that appear to be in preparation for a feast.

Oceanus-Saturn of Santa Prisca

The fragmented tauroctony of the Mitreo di Santa Prisca rests on the naked figure of a bearded man, probably Ocean or Saturn.


Tauroctony of Santa Prisca

Even if only a few fragments remain, it is very likely that the main niche of the Mitreo di Santa Prisca contained the usual representation of Mithras killing the bull.

Cautes of the mitreo di Santa Prisca

The marble statue of Cautes, found in the Mithraeum of Santa Prisca, was originally a Mercury.