Monumentum

Head of Mithras from Santo Stefano Rotondo

The head was part of a stucco relief of the Tauroctony found under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome
 
 
PublishedThe New Mithraeum
10 Jul 2009
Updated on 16 Jan 2022
 
Head of Mithras found in San Stefano Rotondo, Rome

Head of Mithras found in San Stefano Rotondo, Rome

 

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The niche contained a stucco high-relief tauroctony, as is proven by the presence, on the white plaster in the niche, guide-marks for fixing it in, and there are the remains of great iron nails (pl. XVIII, 2) in the niche, nails which are also embedded in the remains of the relief. Many fragments were found of the group; red from the coat of Mithras, brown from the bull, but not enough to reassemble it. The relief was 1.2m wide, filling the whole niche.

But from this relief the head of Mithras (inv. n. 205826) has survived (pl. I). It is 26cm high, and gilded.
 
 

Related monuments

Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo

The Mitreo dei Castra Peregrinorum was discovered under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome.

Tauroctony of Ottavio Zeno

The relief of Mithras slaying the bull by Ottavio Zeno is lost, but two tablets of Cautes and Cautopates, which were part of the same ensemble, has been exposed at the Louvre.

Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The sculpture of Mithras rock-birth from Santo Stefano Rotondo bears an inscription of Aurelius Bassinus, curator of the cult.

Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The second statue of Mithras rock-birth was found in the Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo shows a childish Mitras emerging from the rock.

 

Tauroctony of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The relief of Mithras killing the bull of Stefano Rotodon preserves part of his polycromy and depicts two unusual figures: Hesperus and an owl.

Altars to Cautes and Cautopates of Stefano Rotondo

These two parallel altars to the diophores were dedicated by the Pater and a Leo from the Mithraeum of S. Stefano Rotondo.

 

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