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Monumentum

Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo

The Mitreo dei Castra Peregrinorum was discovered under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome.
  • General view of the mithraeum

    General view of the mithraeum
    RomanoImperio.com 

  • Map of the buildings under S. Stefano Rotondo

    Map of the buildings under S. Stefano Rotondo
    Tertullian.org 

  • Jastrow 

  • Head of Mithras found in San Stefano Rotondo, Rome

    Head of Mithras found in San Stefano Rotondo, Rome 

  • Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

    Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo
    Tertullian.org 

  • Mithras killng the bull from S. Stefano Rotondo

    Mithras killng the bull from S. Stefano Rotondo
    Carole Raddato 

  • Altar to Cautes found in S. Stefano Rotondo

    Altar to Cautes found in S. Stefano Rotondo
    Jastrow (Public domain) 

 
 
The New Mithraeum
17 May 2007
Updated on Mar 2022
 

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In 1973-5 a mithraeum was discovered under the church of S. Stephano Rotondo in Rome, in one of the buildings of the Castra Peregrinorum. The monuments are now in the museum of the Baths of Diocletian.

The barrack blocks of the Castra are long and thin and run north-south. Each is divided into two long rooms. Ca. 180AD, the north end of the western room of one of them was turned into a Mithraeum. Some time later, probably in the late 3rd century AD, judging from the monuments, the Mithraeum was widened by absorbing the corresponding part of the eastern room as well. It is unclear when the M…

Related monuments

Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The sculpture of Mithras rock-birth from Santo Stefano Rotondo bears an inscription of Aurelius Bassinus, curator of the cult.

Head of Mithras from Santo Stefano Rotondo

The head was part of a stucco relief of the Tauroctony found under the church of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome

Second Petrogeny of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The second statue of Mithras rock-birth was found in the Mitreo di Santo Stefano Rotondo shows a childish Mitras emerging from the rock.

Tauroctony of Santo Stefano Rotondo

The relief of Mithras killing the bull of Stefano Rotodon preserves part of his polycromy and depicts two unusual figures: Hesperus and an owl.

 

Altars to Cautes and Cautopates of Stefano Rotondo

These two parallel altars to the diophores were dedicated by the Pater and a Leo from the Mithraeum of S. Stefano Rotondo.