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Gladiator to whom his companions Cimber and Pietas erected a monument in Colonia, Germania.

  • Inscription from Cologne

    Inscription from Cologne

of Exsochuos

TNMP 251

Exsochuos was likely a gladiator during the Roman era, identifiable through a single cognomen of Greek origin, Ἔξοχος, meaning "outstanding" or "prominent." This name is referenced in W. Pape-G. Benseler’s dictionary of Greek proper names and by Solin in his work on Greek personal names. The usage of a singular Greek cognomen strongly suggests that Exsochuos was a slave, as was common for individuals in his position, separated from the tradition of the Roman tria nomina given to citizens.

Exsochuos’s memory is commemorated by his peers, Cimber and Pietas, who described him as a fellow charioteer (essedarius) and a comrade worthy of recognition (bene merenti), indicating his esteem within his circle. This tribute, found in an inscription, signifies that while gladiators like Exsochuos might not have received public honors, they were respected and remembered by their immediate community. The inscription’s discovery in a mithraeum suggests that Exsochuos and his companions were also likely initiates or followers of the Mithraic mysteries, a religion that was popular in the Roman army and among certain social strata of the Empire.



Inscription of Cimber and Exsocho from Cologne

TNMM 726

This monument with an inscription by two individuals was found in the first mithraeum of Cologne, Germany.

Have / Cimber es(sedarius) et / Pietas Ensocho / essed(ario) sodali / [b]ene merenti / [pos]uit. Vale.

{H}Ave / Cimber es(sedarius) et / Pietas Exsocho / essed(ario) sodali / [be]ne merenti / [pos]uit(!) val(e) // Cor(a)x.

Cor(a)x // Have / Cimber es(sedarius) et / Pietas Exsocho(!) / essed(ario) sodali / [be]ne merent[i] / [pos]uit(!) val(e).
Hail. Cimber, the charioteer, and Pietas have erected (this monument) for Exsocho, a fellow charioteer, deserving of honor. Farewell.



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