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Antonius Valentinus

Princeps centurion commander (praepositus)

  • Franz Cumont poses in front of the main altar at the Mithraeum of Dura Europos

    Franz Cumont poses in front of the main altar at the Mithraeum of Dura Europos
    Yale University 

  • Inscription from Dura Europos Mithraeum

    Inscription from Dura Europos Mithraeum
    Dr. Michael J. Fuller 



He restored the Mithraeum of Dura Europos en 209-211.

In 210 CE the Mithraeum of Dura Europos was much enlarged and refurbished by the commander the Roman legionary Antonius Valentinus; whose name comes down to us in another inscription; this one above the lintel of the entrance door. In Latin; this inscription dedicates “the temple of the god Sol Invictus Mithras” to the Roman emperors Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta. Valentinus more than doubled the size of the Mithraeum, remodeled it as a basilica, and added an arched niche behind the altar.

—Dura Europos. Crossroads of Antiquity

His community
at Mithraeum of Dura Europos


Mentioned in

Inscription on the restoration of the Mithraeum of Dura Europos

Antonius Valentinus, centurio, made this plaque for the salut des empereurs Septimus Severus and Marcus Aurelius.

Pro sal(ute) et incol(umitate) d(ominorum) / n(ostrorum) imp(eratorum) L. Sep(timi) Severi pii / Pert(inacis) et M. Aurel(i) Aritonini [ [ et L. Sept(imi) Geta[e] ] ] / Aug(ustorum) tem/plum dei Solis invicti Mithrae sub Minic(io) Martiali procuratore) / Aug(usti) / rest(itutum) ab Ant(onio) Valentino (centurione) princ(ipe) / pr(aeposito) ve[x(illationum) leg(ionum) III]I Scyt(hicae) / et XVI F(laviae) F(irmae) p(iae) f(idelis).
For the salvation and preservation of our lords the emperors Lucius Septimus Severus Pious Pertinax and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus [[and Lucius Septimus Geta]] Agustes, the temple of the invincible god Sol Mithras, while Minucius Martialis was imperial procurator, has been restored by Antonius Valentinus, princeps centurion commander (praepositus) of the vexillations of the legions IV Scythica and XVI Flavia Firma Pia Fidelis

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Published on 8 Feb 2022 is powered by Enkidū