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Emerita Augusta

Emerita Augusta was founded in 25 BC by order of the Emperor Augustus to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana River. The city became the capital of the province of Lusitania and one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire.

Mithraic monuments of Emerita Augusta


Casa del Mitreo de Mérida

Although the site at Cerro de San Albín is not a Mithraeum, archaeologists have found several monuments related to the cult of Mithras.



Aion of Mérida

The Aion-Chronos of Mérida was found near the bullring of the current city, once capital of the Roman province Hispania Ulterior.



Lion-headed figure of Mérida

The lion-headed figure, Aion, from Mérida, wears oriental knickers fastened at the waist by a cinch strap.



Cautopates from Casa del Mitreo of Mérida

The sculpture of the solar god is signed by its author, Demetrios.



Naked figure from Mérida

This sculpture may be a naked dadophorus, probably Cautopates.



Mitreo de la calle Espronceda

The Mithraeum at Espronceda Street, in Merida, was discovered in 2000. It is a semi-subterranean temple.


Mithras's feast from Mérida

This mithraic communion from Mérida shows three persons at table with other people standing besides, one of them with a bull's head on a plate.



Altar of Merida consecrated by Marcus Valerius Secundus

This altar is dedicated to the birth of Mithras by a frumentarius of the Legio VII Geminae.



Mercury of Mérida

The statue of Mercury in Merida bears a dedication from the Roman Pater of a community in the city in 155.



Cautes of Mérida

This nude male figure, found at Cerro de San Albín, Mérida, has been identified as Cautes.


Venus pudica of Mérida

The Venus pudica of Merida stands next to the young Amor riding a dolplhin.



Isis de Mérida

The Isis of Merida is covered by a long dress that reaches down to her feet.


Aesculapius of Merida

This standing sculptural figure from Mérida appears to carry the serpent staff, characteristic of the medicine god Aesculapius.



Altar by Caius Aemilius Superaius of Merida

Small white marble altar made in honour of Mithras found at San Albín, Mérida.



Altar from Mérida 'pro salute'

The small Mithraic altar found at Cerro de San Albin, Merida, bears an inscription to the health of Caius Iulius.



Oceaunus of Mérida

The sculpture of Oceanus in Merida bears an inscription by the Pater Patrorum Gaius Accius Hedychrus.



Venus of Mérida small sculpture

The lack of attributes and its decontextualisation prevent us from attributing a specific Mithraic attribution to this small Venus pudica from Mérida.



Serapis head from Mérida

This head of Serapis from Cerro de San Albín may be unrelated to Mithras worship.



Altar of Mérida from Quintio

This altar, which has now disappeared, was dedicated by the slave Quintio for the health of a certain Coutius Lupus.



Tauroctony of the Gran Mitreo de Mérida

These fragments of a monumental tauroctony found in the Cerro de San Albín must have decorated the Gran Mitreo de Mérida, which has not yet been found.


Gran mitreo de Mérida

Jaime Alvar speculates that the Gran Mitreo de Mérida could have been located in this area, based on a series of materials unearthed by Mélida during the excavations of 1926 and 1927.


Altar by Hector Corneliorum of Mérida

This fragmented altar was found in two pieces that Ana Osorio Calvo has recently brought together.

Inscriptions of Emerita Augusta

Invicto sacrum C. Curius Avitus / Acci(o) Hedychro pa(tre).
Δημήτριος ἐποίει
Dedicated to the invincible. Caius Curius Avitus, Accius Hedychrus being Father.
Demetros made it.

Cautopates from Casa del Mitreo of Mérida

Ann(o) Col(oniae) CLXXX / aram genesis / Inuicti Mithrae / M(arcus) Val(erius) Secundus / fr(umentarius) Leg(ionis) VII Gem(inae) dono / ponendam merito curauit / G(aio) Accio Hedychro patre
In the year 180 of the Colony, Marcus Valerius Secundus, frumentarius of the Legion VII Gemina, took care of placing the altar of the birth of the Invictus Mithras, as a due offering, being pater Gaius Accius Hedychrus

Altar of Merida consecrated by Marcus Valerius Secundus

Ann(o) col(oniae) CLXXX / invicto deo Mithrae / sacr(um) / G(aius) Accius Hedychrus / Pater / a(nimo) (libente) plosuit).
In the colony's 180th year. Consecrated to the invincible god Mithras. Gaius Accius Hedychrus, Father, willingly deposited this.

Mercury of Mérida

Deo / invicto / C(aius) Aemilius / Superai[us] / a(nimo) l(ibens) p(osuit).

Altar by Caius Aemilius Superaius of Merida

Deo / Inuicto / pro salute / Cai Iuli / […]
Al Dios Invicto. Por la salud de Gaius Iulius […]

Altar from Mérida 'pro salute'

G(aius) Acc(ius) Hedychrus / p(ater) patrum
Gaius Accius Hedychrus pater patrum

Oceaunus of Mérida

Inuicto Deo / Quintio Flaui / Baetici Conim/brig(ensis) ser(uus) / pro sa(lute) Coutii Lupi
Al Dios Invicto. El conimbrigense Quintio, esclavo de Flavius Baeticus, por la salud de Coutius Lupus.

Altar of Mérida from Quintio

... Invict[o Mithrae] / Hector Cornelior[um] / ex visu.
To the Invictus [Mithrae], Hector of the Cornelians, by a vision.

Altar by Hector Corneliorum of Mérida