Brothers active in Ostia
Mithraic monuments of Ostia
The Mithraeum of the terms of Mithras takes its name from being installed in the service area of the Baths of Mithras.
The House of the Mithraeum of the Painted Walls was built in the second half of the 2nd century BC (opus incertum) and modified during the Augustan period.
The Mithraeum of the Animals was decorated with a mosaic depicting a naked man, a cock, a raven, an scorpion, a snake and the head of the bull.
The name of the Mithraeum of the Seven Gates refers to the doors depicted in the mosaic that decorates the floor, symbolising the seven planets through which the souls of the initiates have to pass.
The Mithraeum of the House of Diana was installed in two Antonine halls, northeast corner of the House of Diana, in the late 2nd or early 3rd century.
The Mithraeum of Lucretius Menander was installed in the early 3rd century in an alley to the east of a Hadrianic building named after the solar god temple.
The Mithraeum Felicissimus has a floor mosaic depicting the seven mithraic grades.
The Mithraeum of the Snakes preserves paintings of serpents, representing Genius Loci, part of an older private sanctuary, which were respected in the temple of Mithras.
The Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres is of great importance for the understanding of the cult, because of its black-and-white mosaics depicting the planets, the zodiac and related elements.
The Mithraeum was found in one of the rooms of the Horrea built in the years 120 - 125 AD. The installation of the shrine may have taken place in the first half of the third century.
The Mithraeum of Frutosus was in a temple assigned to the guild of the stuppatores.
The Mithraeum near Porta Romana was connected to a Sacello, but the door was blocked.
The Mithraeum of Aldobrandini was excavated in 1924 by G. Calza on the premises belonging to the Aldobrandini family.
The floor of the central aisle of the Mithraeum of the Footprint in Ostia has a mosaic depicting a snake and a footprint.
A mosaic of Silvanus, dated to the time of Commodus, was found in a niche in a nearby room of the Mithraeum in the Imperial Palace at Ostia.
The Mitreo Fagan revealed remarkable sculptures of leon-headed figures now exposed at the Vatican Museum.
The frescoes depict several figures dressed in different garments associated with the Mithraic degrees.
The sculpture has an inscription where Mithras is called the undiscoverable deity.
The person who commanded the sculpture may have been M. Umbilius Criton, documented in the Mitreo della Planta Pedis.
The marble Aion from the lost Mithraeum Fagan, Ostia, now presides the entrance to the Vatican Library.
This plaque, now on display in the British Museum, may have come from the Aldobrandini Mithraeum in Ostia.
The relief of Mithras slaying the bull from the Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres was discovered in 1802 by Petirini by order of Pope Pius VII.
The Felicissimo Mithraeum has a floor mosaic depicting the seven mithraic grades.
Several figures related to the Mysteries of Mithras are depicted on the mosaics of the Mithraeum of the Animals.
The Mitreo dei Marmi Colorati takes its name after the discovery of a black-and-white mosaic of Pan fighting with Eros.
In the Mithraic bronze brooch found in Ostia, Cautes and Cautopates have been replaced by a nightingale and a cock.
This white marble relief depicting a lion-headed figure from Ostia is now exposed at the Musei Vaticani.
The inscription is carved into two pieces of marble cornice.
This is one of several marble inscriptions made by a certain Caelius Ermeros, who was the antistes of the Mithraeum of the Imperial Palace.
As this short inscription indicates, Aemilio Epaphorodito was both Pater and priest of the Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres.
The image of the god Arimanius to which this monument refers has not yet been found.
The dedicator of this marble basin could be the same person who offered the sculpture of Mithras slaying the bull in the Mitreo delle Terme di Mitra.
This inscription found in the Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres mentions the Pater Marco Aemiliio Epaphrodito known from other monuments in Ostia.
This marble slab found near the Casa de Diana in Ostia bears two inscription with several names of brothers of a same community
Slab marble indicates that Lucius Sempronius has donated a throne to the Mitreo delle Pareti Dipinte.
The mosaic bears an inscription indicating the name of the owner.
This unusual mosaic representation of the god Silvanus was found in the Mithreaum of the so-called Imperial Palace in Ostia.
It bears an inscription repeated on each side of the podia.
The altar includes a slab with an inscription for the salvation of two emperors.
This monument bears an inscription that describes the god Mithra as young, which is quite unusual.
This marble basin found in the Mithraeum of the Footprint bears an inscription of a certain Umbilius Criton, associated with a monumental tauroctonic sculpture also found in Ostia.
The Mithraeum in the Chapel of the Three Naves was not linked to the cult of Mithras until recently because of a mosaic showing a pig, in the belief that it was an animal unfit for consumption in a temple of Eastern origin.
This coin was deposited in the upper level of the throne in the cult niche of the Mitreo della Planta Pedis.
This inscription found in the Mithraeum Aldobrandini informs us of certain restorations carried out in the temple during a second phase of development.
This altar was originally consecrated to Hercules and was rededicated to Mithras by Callinicus in the Mithraeum of the House of Diana.
This small monument bear the inscriptions of a certain Caelius Ermeros, antistes at the Mithraeum of the Painted Walls.
The floor mosaic of the Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres, which gives its name to the temple, depicts a dagger.
At the entrance to the Mithraeum of the Seven Sferes, Cautopates holds the torch with both hands and Cautes holds the torch in his right hand and a cock in his left.
Diana-Luna, Mercurius, Jupiter, Saturn, Venus and Mars are depicted in the mosaics on the benches of this mithraeuma.
The rich mosaics of the Mithraeum of the Seven Spheres include the the signs of the Zodiac.
This graffito seems to be an account of offerings made by Mithras worshippers in the Cassegiato di Diana
This inscription, found in the Mitreo della Planta Pedis, among some other monuments in Ostia, suggests a link between Mithras and Silvanus.
This 3rd century marble relief of Silvanus is the only sculpture found in Mitreo Aldobrandini.
This marble of Cautes was found together with his partner Cautopates in Ostia in 1939.
A bearded Bacchus and another hermes as a woman, both crowned with vine tendrils, were walled into the base of a niche.
In the cult niche of the Mitreo del Caseggiato di Diana there is a list of words that could indicate names and measurements.
This elliptical terracotta fragment from Ostia depicts Mithras as a bullkiller.
This small white marble cippus bears an inscription of a certain Pater Antoninus to Cautes.
Archaeologists discovered the 20th temple dedicated to Mithras in Ostia during the restoration of the domus del capitello di stucco in 2022.
Inscriptions of Ostia
L(ucius) SEXTIVS KARVS ET
A. Decimius A(uli) f(ilius) Pal(atina) Decimianus aedem / cum suo pronao ipsumque deum solem Mithra / et marmoribus et omni cultu sua p(ecunia) restituit. //
M. Aemilio / Epaphrodito / patre et sacerdote.
M. M. Caer[ellius Hiero]/nimus et C[allinic]/us sacerdo[tes et antisti]/es Solis [invic(ti) Mithrae] / thronum / fec(erunt).
Marcus Caerellius Hieronimus and Marcus Caerellius Callinicus, priests and antistes of Sol invincible Mithras, made the throne.
q(uod) s(upra) s(criptum) est / et praesepia marmoravit p(edes) LXVIII idem s(ua) p(ecunia).
BECTON BINU XII
PROCLUS BINU ﹡II
ERMES DUX ﹡III
FORTUNIU ADA NDA
MAXIMUS BINU ﹡II.
[An]tonin[us] / pater / Cauti.
Pater Antoninus to Cautes.
- Regio I - Insula XVII - Mitreo delle Terme del Mitra (I,XVII,2) - Ostia-antica.org
- Ostia-Antica.org (2020) Regio III - Insula I - Domus and Mitreo delle Pareti Dipinte (III,I,6)
- Ostia-Antica.org (2020) Regio IV - Insula II - Mitreo degli Animali (IV,II,11)
- Ostia Antica (2020) Regio I - Insula III - Mitreo del Caseggiato di Diana (I,III,3-4)
- Ostia-Antica.org (2021) Regio I - Insula III - Mitreo di Menandro (I,III,5)
- Ostia-Antic (2020) Regio V - Insula IX - Mitreo di Felicissimus (V,IX,1)
- Ostia Antica (2020) Regio V - Insula VI - Mitreo dei Serpenti (V,VI,6)
- Ostia-antica.org. Regio II - Insula VIII - Mitreo delle Sette Sfere (II,VIII,6)
- Ostia-Antica.org (2020) Regio I - Insula X - Tempio Collegiale and Mitreo di Fructosus (I,X,4)
- Ostia-antica.org (2020) Regio II - Insula II - Mitreo presso Porta Romana (II,II,5)
- Ostia-Antica.org (2022) Regio II - Insula I - Mitreo Aldobrandini (II,I,2) and Torre sul Tevere (II,I,3)
- Ostia-Antica.org (2020) Regio III - Insula XVII - Caseggiato del Mitreo della Planta Pedis (III,XVII,2) and Mitreo
- Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss / Slaby. Mitreo del Palazzo Imperiale in EDCS
- Ostia-Antica.org (2020) Regio I - Mitreo del Palazzo Imperiale
- Regio I - Mitreo Fagan - Ostia-Antica.org
- Franz Cumont (1945) Rapport sur une mission à Rome
- Alain Blomart (1995) Frugifer : Une divinité mithraique léontocéphale décrite par Arnobe
- Arnobius (310) Adversus nationes (Against the Pagans)
- Jan Theo Bakker (2017) The City Walls of Ancient Ostia
- Regio IV - Insula IX - Caupona del Dio Pan e Mitreo dei Marmi Colorati (IV,IX,5) - Ostia-Antica.org
- VAN HAEPEREN, Françoise (2019) Fana, templa, delubra. Corpus dei luoghi di culto dell'Italia antica
- Vittoria Canciani (2022) Archaeological Evidence of the Cult of Mithras in Ancient Italy
- Attilio Mastrocinque (2017) The Mysteries of Mithras. A different account
- Françoise Van Haeperen (2019) Fana, templa, delubra. Corpus dei luoghi di culto dell'Italia antica
- Epigraphic Database Heidelberg. Inscription of Mitreo Aldobrandini by Sextus in EDH
- Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss / Slaby. Inscription of Mitreo Aldobrandini by Sextus in EDCS
- Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss / Slaby. Inscription of Hermes to Silvanus in EDCS
- Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss / Slaby. Cippus of Antoninus from Ostia in EDCS
- Informazioni di servizio (2022) Attività del Parco: il dio Mitra in stucco emerge dagli scavi di Ostia antica.
- jthb (2022) Domus dei Capitelli di Stucco (V,VII,4-5) (House of the Stuccoed Capitals).